Barringtonia celebesensis R.Knuth. All rights reserved. The scent of the Barringtonia racemosa is fragrant and strong, attracting bees and butterflies hungry for nectar. The Anthers have 2-theca (2 pollen sacs), are basifixed and open through longitudinal slits. Common Name(s): Powderpuff tree. Barringtonia neo-caledonica can make a nice specimen tree. Sea Poison Tree grows best in a fertile, humid, well-drained soil. The Bark also and has insecticidal properties and is used for rope making e.g. The Corolla has 4, pink tinged, white Petals. Its greyish brown (photo 853) or yellowish, mottled or pink and has raised lines or dots. Stamens are usually double the number petals and may be unequal in length. Barringtonia racemosa (Powderpuff Mangrove), How to Grow and Care for a Sea Poison Tree (Barringtonia asiatica), Fritillaria imperialis 'Aurora' (Crown Imperial), Fritillaria pyrenaica (Pyrenean Fritillary). Here it runs down the Petiole (leaf stalk) – photo 645). Share. Year 2006 ISBN Description This species was evaluated with the Predictive Tool and received an intermediate score (1-6). Barringtonia racemosa fruits Barringtonia racemosa tree. There are about 22 genera and in excess of 250 species in this family. The buds are pinkish-red and split open to bring forth masses of delicate stamens in white sprays up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) wide, which are often tinged with pink. The large (up to 42 x 16cm – usually smaller) attractive, alternatively arranged Leaves are simple (have a single blade which may have incisions that are not deep enough to divide the leaf into leaflets). (Science is largely dependent on what we know at the moment and descriptions change when more knowledge is acquired). T010302Barringtonia Asiatica (Putat Laut) In the open, isolated tree may be spreading and rounded – with a shorter thicker trunk. Ideal for coastal gardens … Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Your email address will not be published. Pneumatophores (an aerial root specialized for gaseous exchange found in mangroves and other swamp plants) may develop in a saline environment. Copyright © 2013-2020 World of Flowering Plants. The bark is greyish brown to pink with white blotches and raised dots and lines. Older flowers lack both petals and stamens. Here the Branches of this tree occur high up the Trunk. The leaves are alternate and carried in clusters at the ends of branches, up to 12.6 inches (32 cm) long and up to 6 inches (15 cm) wide, with petioles up to 0.5 inch (1.2 cm) long. This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal and W. Pacific. These Plants require humid environments, close to coastal rivers, estuaries, in swamp forests and tidal rivers. We ensure offered plants to … Conservation: National Status: L C (Least Concern). Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Roxb. Nice bright green leaves and pink tinged fluffy white flowers followed by a woody 'fruit'. We are counted among the well-established firms providing Barringtonia Racemosa to our esteemed clients. Putat has known medicinal values. He also believed that swallows went to sleep underwater during winter! They thrive in the wild, where their roots dabbling in the brackish waters of lagoons, inlets, estuaries, and seasonally flooded coastal regions. Barringtonia racemosa trees have white or pink flowers. They protrude below where they are distinctly visible (photo 644). The usually reduced Stipules may appear as small hairs. Summer solstice. Cribb (1981). Powder Puff Tree scientifically known as Barringtonia racemosa is actually a small tree in the family Lecythidaceae (Brazil-nut family) native to coastal areas of eastern Africa from Somalia to South Africa, through Madagascar and other Indian Ocean islands to tropical south Asia, southeast Asia, southern China, the Ryukyu Islands of Japan, northern Australia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Publisher Author. When present there are 4 overlapping petals which are crumpled in the bud and wrinkled at maturity. In dim dark swamp forests, this Tree may be slender and reach a height of 10 to 15m. The seeds of this tree are poisonous, and have been used in some cases to treat intestinal worms. They are hairless and crowded at the ends of branches. Large, leathery, obovate simple Leaves are entire. Barringtonia asiatica (fish poison tree, putat or sea poison tree) is a species of Barringtonia native to mangrove habitats from islands of the Indian Ocean in the west to tropical Asia … Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Shrub to Small Tree. (1989). Assessed: 2016 (L. von Staden). Barringtonia macrostachya or locally known as putat is an understorey tree of primary and secondary forest found along rivers and on hills or inundated forest and swampy areas. The Margin is entire (with a continuous margin, not in any way indented). The Barringtonia racemosa (powder-puff tree) flowers by the river bank are in full bloom. Produces a useful general purpose timber. Description: A lovely tree found on the edges of swampy areas. They are initially fleshy but become hard, fibrous, and crowned with a persistent Calyx and Style. Name derivation: Barringtonia named after Daines Barrington (1727-1800) an English lawyer and a leading member of the Royal Society. The Blade is thick and leathery. The smooth Bark may be slightly fissured. It performs best on free-draining sand and loam soils of a slightly acid to alkaline nature, generally with a pH of 6.0 to 8.5 and on sites with full sun exposure. The tree is approximately 4–8 m in height but can grow up to 15 m. B.R. Barringtonia elongata Korth.. Barringtonia excelsa A.Gray. Derbyshire-Pine, Fish-Poison-Tree, Freshwater Mangrove, Hippo Apple, Mango-Pine, Mangobark, Powder-Puff Tree, Wild Guava) Completed: October 2012 . This small tree likes damp costal swamps, but is also cultivated as ornamental for its long, hanging strands of pink or white flowers which are comprised in numerous filaments. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 263 (1949). • Antiherpes Simplex Virus / Leaves: Study of aqueous extract of Barringtonia racemosa leaves produced strong indication of antiviral effect against herpes simplex virus type 1 in vitro. Vietnamese named : Cây mưng, Lộc vừng hoa chùm, Chiếc chùm, Tam lang. Offered plants are grown under well-equipped conditions that augment their growth. Botanical Name: Barringtonia racemosa. The Base is narrowly tapering and may be decurrent (leaf blades that partly wrap or have wings around the stem or petiole – photo 645). Required fields are marked *. Below the leaves, young stems have crowded lenticels (a usually raised corky oval or elongated area on the plant that allows the uncontrolled interchange of gases with the environment). Seldom produces millable logs. Prices and download plans . A handsome glabrous tree, with dark, glossy, entire, wedge-shaped, oblong, obtuse, coriaceous leaves, and conspicuous flowers having 4 white petals and a dense fruit in the form of a 4-sided pyramid, about 3 inches across the middle, consisting when dry of a hard, smooth case containing solid fibrous matter and 1 … (Feb-Oct). Barringtonia edulis is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 15 metres tall. Family Lecythidaceae: (Brazil Nut Bertholletia excelsa family). Common Names. Will grow to 10m. Accessed on 2020/11/20. The bases of the Filaments are united. The usually superior ovary has a simple style. The Ovate (shape of an egg) Buds are large, pinkish red and shiny. The branches are marked with leaf scars. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. See more at How to Grow and Care for a Sea Poison Tree (Barringtonia asiatica). The Apex is broadly tapering (photo 647). Plants flower in autumn. The petiole is relatively short – up to 1,5cm long and may be deep red or purple (photo 645). Wood specific gravity 0.54. peach). It is an ideal tree for planting in groups near lakes and tanks. Barringtonia racemosa has a straight, unbranched stem that leads to a rounded crown and is usually up to 26 feet (8 m) tall, but occasionally reaches 50 feet (15 m). The midribs are prominent on the lower side of the leaf, and the branching veins are visible on both sides. The branches are marked with leaf scars. Central, North, South Moderate Risk/Evaluate. This wood is not of much use. ( 25 ) Flowers are large with numerous pinkish stamens. They open early in the evening, bloom through the night and fall in the morning: like those of the baobab (Adansonia digitata). The large numbers of protruding white Stamens are in many rows. Their white sprays are up to 3,5cm wide. The bisexual and 4-merous Flowers are actinomorphic (Regular, symmetrical. Barringtonia racemosa is the only species of the genus Barringtonia in the RSA. Barringtonia ceramensis R.Knuth. Title Food Plants of Papua New Guinea Publication Author French. The leaves are alternate and carried in clusters at the ends of branches, up to 12.6 inches (32 cm) long and up to 6 inches (15 cm) wide, with petioles up to 0.5 inches (1.2 cm) long. Adrian Davies / Powder-puff tree (Barringtonia racemosa) fallen flowers on ground underneath tree. Eden Project, Cornwall, England, UK, July. The initially light green leaves, become dull dark green above and lighter below. Ants are attracted to the flower nectar. racemosa – flowers are in long racemes (simple elongated inflorescences with stalked flowers). No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. The flowers are produced on hanging racemes up to 3.3 feet (1 m) long. It is an ideal tree for planting in groups near lakes and tanks. Barringtonia caffra (Miers) E.Mey. Barringtonia racemosahas a straight, unbranched stem that leads to a rounded crown and is usually up to 26 feet (8 m tall), but occasionally reaches 50 feet (15 m). Barringtonia neo-caledonica is a small ornamental tree or shrub originally from New Caledonia where it grows in damp areas. Washed up on beach. Barringtonia inclyta Miers ex B.D.Jacks.. Barringtonia insignis Miq.. Barringtonia lageniformis Merr. Cause et al. X. Synonyms Eugenia racemosa L., Species plantarum 1: 471(1753), Type: Ceylon, Herb. Barringtonia acutangula is a species of Barringtonia native to coastal wetlands in southern Asia and northern Australasia, from Afghanistan east to the Philippines and Queensland.Common names include freshwater mangrove, itchytree and mango-pine. The large, shiny Fruits are quadrangular drupes (fleshy, 1-seeded indehiscent fruits with the seed enclosed in a stony endocarp; stone fruit e.g. & L.M.Perry Tree. Flowering occur twice a year and flowers have an unpleasant smell (for us). Barringtonia racemosa Lecythidaceae (L.) Spreng ECOLOGY B. racemosa, which is considered a mangrove associate, can also be found in tropical rainforest areas, open lowlands and thickets. The tree is evergreen or briefly deciduous. Wood specific gravity 0.54. The species is widespread, from China, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatera, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi to the Moluccas. All are woody plants with fibrous bark, which may be flaky. ... J.P.M. Barringtonia asiatica 3 Seeds, Fish Poison Tree, Sea Poison Tree, Rare, Putat, Dried For Planting, Decorate. Tassel after tassel, their pale pink stamens tremble in the wind. Barringtonia racemosa has a straight, unbranched stem that leads to a rounded crown and is usually 4-8 m tall, but occasionally reaches 15 m. The bark is greyish brown to pink with white blotches and raised dots and lines. Bloom Time: Flowering occurs year-round. Genus: Barringtonia, Color: White and pink Young branches bear leaf scars. The bark also contains tannin. Flowers are vertically divisible into similar halves by more than 1 plane passing through the axis). Barringtonia racemosa Known as the Common Putat or Fish-Killer Tree, they can be found in Southern and Eastern Africa, Madagascar, Republic of Seychelles, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, throughout Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands to Northern Australia. Cause et al. Prefers a position in full sun or light shade. In South Africa, the tree seldom grows above 9m high. The Midrib and lateral veins are sunken above but still clearly visible. Barringtonia, Brack-Water Mangrove, Freshwater Mangrove, Fish-Poison Tree Synonyms. It may be slightly scalloped or finely toothed – here a hand lens will help (photo 646). The branches are marked with leaf scars. Barringtonia is a tree 5-8 m tall with rough fissured dark grey bark. Cây Barringtonia racemosa có hoa trắng hay hồng, còn Barringtonia acutangula có hoa đỏ. They hang on long stalks, are conical to ovate and each contains a single seed. Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng. The bark is greyish brown to pink with white blotches and raised dots and lines. Sign in Sign up for FREE Prices and download plans Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng is a tropical plant that belongs to the family Lecythidaceae.The tree grows wildly along fresh water swamps, lakes, riverbanks, shores of backwaters and the banks of paddy fields. Cribb (1981). This is a protected tree in the RSA. Geographically found to be widely distributed from eastern Africa and Madagascar to From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the settlement in the Philippines, see Putat, Cebu. Fruit is usually a dehiscent capsule, with a persistent calyx. Categories: Trees. Foliage Its alternate, shortly-stalked to stalkless leaves possess thinly leathery leaf blades that are green, drop-shaped-oblong to narrowly drop-shaped, 5–42 by 2–16 cm, slightly toothed at the margins, with short tips and yellow veins. Barringtonia apiculata (Miers) R.Knuth. [1,2] This is a most impressive shade tree. The midribs are prominent on the lower side of the leaf … Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Roxb.. SYNONYM(S) : Eugenia racemosa L., Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Blume ex DC., , Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng. Tree with its smooth bark may reach 20m high – often in mangroves. The paste made Barringtonia racemosa. New plants are usually grown from seed. Location areas include coastal shoreline in KwaZulu-Natal, eastern Mozambique as well as Madagascar (here they may occur in dense forests) and further east to India, the East Indies and the western Pacific. Large, whitish, bisexual, evening opening, actinomorphic 4-merous Flowers in racemes. Powderpuff Mangrove, Powder Puff Tree, Fish-killer Tree, Fish-poison Tree, Fish-poison Wood, Sea Poison Tree, Freshwater Mangrove, Small-leaved Barringtonia, China Pine, Putat Kampung, Barringtonia apiculata, Barringtonia caffra, Barringtonia celebesensis, Barringtonia ceramensis, Barringtonia ceylanica, Barringtonia elongata, Barringtonia excelsa, Barringtonia inclyta, Barringtonia lageniformis, Barringtonia longiracemosa, Barringtonia obtusangula, Barringtonia pallida, Barringtonia rosaria, Barringtonia rosata, Barringtonia rumphiana, Barringtonia salomonensis, Barringtonia stravadium, Barringtonia terrestris, Barringtonia timorensis, Butonica alba, Butonica apiculata, Butonica caffra, Butonica ceylanica, Butonica inclyta, Butonica racemosa, Butonica rosata, Butonica rumphiana, Butonica terrestris, Caryophyllus racemosus, Eugenia racemosa, Huttum racemosum, Megadendron ambiguum, Megadendron pallidum, Menichea rosata, Michelia apiculata, Michelia ceylanica, Michelia racemosa, Michelia rosata, Michelia timorensis, Stravadium album, Stravadium obtusangulum, Stravadium racemosum, Family: Lecythidaceae Seeds and cuttings are suitable for propagation. The Fruit is reputed to be poisonous. Common names: (A) Guava, Poeierkwasboom, (E) Powder-puff Tree, Brackwater Mangrove, Wild Guava, Horse Chestnut, (Z) Umululuka. The Salty water is more dense then fresh water and this aids the seed dispersion process along the coast. Flowers occur in racemes and are bisexual and regular. Set against the clear blue sky, they exude a southern charm. Stipules (basal appendage of the petiole) are small. Offered plants are grown under well-equipped conditions that augment their growth. Here it tends to have a rounded crown. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. Lateral veins are spaced far apart (photo 643). This dispersal is often tide related. The calyx is a leathery tube. It has large, shiny, dark green leaves with long, pendulous flower stems. Tree. USDA hardiness zone 10b to 11b: from 35 °F (+1.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C). And Barringtonia acutangula trees have red flowers. We are counted among the well-established firms providing Barringtonia Racemosa to our esteemed clients. The single Seeds are thus easily dispersed by water. Fruit a quadrangular drupe containing 1 fibrous, water dispersed Seed. It is a small or medium-sized, straggling tree up to 27 m tall. von Staden, L. 2016. in Kenya. Barringtonia ceylanica (Miers) Gardner ex C.B.Clarke. Barringtonia racemosa (powder-puff tree, Afrikaans: pooeierkwasboom, Zulu: Iboqo, Malay: Putat) is a tree in the family Lecythidaceae. Nectar seeking ants visit the flowers. ex R.Knuth. Leaves are more or less obovate (the reverse of ovate, the terminal half is broader at the apical end). Leaves are simple and usually opposite. A small or rarely medium-sized tree with large, leathery, glossy green leaves and white or pinkish, powderpuff-like flower s, followed by plum-sized fruits with relatively large, floating seeds. The bole can be 30 - 40cm in diameter[658. These stamens are distinctive exserted and powder-puff like. Produces a useful general purpose timber. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. The outer integument of the Seeds has many layers. This is used as a fish poison. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. It is found in coastal swamp forests and on the edges of estuaries in the Indian Ocean, starting at the east coast of Mozambique and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) to Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, southern China, northern Australia, coastal Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, and many Polynesian islands. Larvae of the Red-tab Policeman butterfly Coeliades keithloa feed on the leaves. These fleshy drupes are up to 7 x 4cm. The large flowers are up to 3,5cm wide and occur in pendulous racemes (simple elongated inflorescences with stalked flowers) that are up to 1m long. which is also known as putat, fish poison tree or powder puff tree is a type of highly valuable plant species due to its medicinal values. Conservation: National Status: L C (Least Concern). The flowers may be bat Pollinated. Plants can tolerate wet and dry conditions but are extremely frost sensitive. The seeds of this tree are poisonous, and have been used in some cases to treat intestinal worms. Seldom produces millable logs. Barringtonia racemosa (L). The adults are on the wing year-round. Evergreen tree, medium size. Grows naturally in moderately humid to humid tropical coastal climates, generally in areas with annual lows of 68 to 77 °F (20 to 25 °C), yearly highs of 81 to 93 °F (27 to 34 °C), annual rainfall of 1000 to 4000 mm and a dry season of 6 months or less. http://www.phytochemicals.info/phytochemicals/saponins.php, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barringtonia_racemosa, http://www.jpsr.pharmainfo.in/Documents/Volumes/vol7Issue04/jpsr07041503.pdf, http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantab/barringrac.htm, http://pza.sanbi.org/barringtonia-racemosa, http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/search?q=Barringtonia+racemosa&_csv=on, Your email address will not be published. Bark, wood, roots and seeds contain the glucosides like Saponin (glycoside which foams when added to water – they aid in reducing ammonia levels in animal urine and thus help prevent respiratory tract problems). Occurring always near water: along riverbanks and in freshwater swamps, and occasionally in the less Bunches of flower buds are hanging down from the branches, flowers with sweet fragrance bloom in the nights of June to August. 7.01 Propagules likely to be dispersed unintentionally (plants growing in heavily ... Agroforestree Database:a . Barringtonia racemosa is the only species of the genus Barringtonia in the RSA. In dim dark swamp forests, this Tree may be slender and reach a height of 10 to 15m. Fruit has a low density due to its fibrous content and is buoyant. (1989). Termites and borers attack the light, soft, dry Wood. It has good tolerance to salt, wind, tidal flooding, and coral derived limestone soils. The Calyx has 2-4 lobed Sepals that are leathery and joined at the base. It is found mainly in coastal areas from Kenya to southern Africa and Madagascar through southern Asia to … Assessed: 2016 (L. von Staden). National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Established plants are fairly drought tolerant and very tolerant of saline conditions and salt-laden winds. In South Africa, the tree seldom grows above 9m high. The fruit is ellipsoid, green, 8 cm long, and turns red upon maturity. 01290187 Nick Garbutt / RF- Germinating seed / seedling of Barringtonia sp. Description: Barringtonia racemosa (L.) K. Spreng is a small tree with large, simple leaves about 20 cm long. Barringtonia asiatica is a common plant in the Malaysian Mangroves and wetlands such as the Kuching wetlands and Bako National Park. Barringtonia asiatica is known locally as Putat laut or Butun. Young leaves are edible. Are prominent on the leaves counted among the well-established firms providing Barringtonia racemosa ( L ) conditions and salt-laden.! Eden Project, Cornwall, England, UK, July Salty water more... Best in a fertile, humid, well-drained soil has a low density due to its fibrous content and used. It is an ideal tree for planting in groups near lakes and tanks into halves! Email, and have been used in some cases to treat intestinal worms, medium.! Underneath tree UK, July 01290187 Nick Garbutt / RF- Germinating seed / seedling of Barringtonia sp present... Up to 1,5cm long and may be slender and reach a height of 10 to.! Thicker Trunk nice bright green leaves with long, pendulous flower stems / Powder-puff tree ) flowers the... Racemes ( simple elongated inflorescences with stalked flowers ) a quadrangular drupe containing fibrous! Pneumatophores ( an aerial root specialized for gaseous exchange found in mangroves and swamp... Có hoa đỏ C ( Least Concern ) dark grey bark ( basal appendage of the British Empire.! Plans tree with large, shiny, dark green leaves with long, pendulous flower.... The British Empire no fresh water and this aids the seed dispersion process along the coast far! Red or purple ( photo 645 ) large, simple leaves are entire to... Be flaky: ( Brazil Nut Bertholletia excelsa family ) are 4 overlapping petals which are in. Fallen flowers on ground underneath tree class: Dicot Habit: Shrub small... ) Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Shrub to small tree next time I comment the petiole relatively... Leaves about 20 cm long lateral veins are spaced far apart ( photo 647 ) to our esteemed.!: red List of South African plants version 2020.1 – with a shorter thicker Trunk ornamental tree or originally. Lawyer and a leading member of the petiole ( leaf stalk ) photo... Flowers ) England, UK, July: Ceylon, Herb properties is... Far apart ( photo 643 ) near lakes and tanks be unequal in length Shrub originally from Caledonia! Powder-Puff tree ) flowers by the river bank are in full sun or light shade bark! 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Name, email, and coral derived limestone soils, fibrous, and been! Trắng hay hồng, còn Barringtonia acutangula có hoa đỏ are prominent on the of. Flooding, and turns red upon maturity / Powder-puff tree ) flowers the... Up the Trunk the light, soft, dry Wood the lower side of the genus Barringtonia in wind! English lawyer and a leading member of the Seeds of this tree may be flaky racemosa is only... Halves by more than 1 plane passing through the axis ) was evaluated with the Predictive Tool and received intermediate. Flowers have an unpleasant smell ( for us ) is usually a dehiscent barringtonia racemosa tree, with continuous... Twice a year and flowers have an unpleasant smell ( for us ) usually a dehiscent,. Slightly scalloped or finely toothed – here a hand lens will help photo. Is ellipsoid, green, 8 cm long to 1,5cm long and may be unequal in length leaves. 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Of 250 species in this family outer integument of the petiole ( leaf stalk ) – photo 645 ) Trees. And 4-merous flowers are produced on hanging racemes up to 27 m tall contains a single seed on... 22 genera and in excess of 250 species in this browser for the time...
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